Mobility

Mobility & Infrastructure

Invest in infrastructure

The world’s population is increasingly urban with an estimated 55% of the population, or 4.2 billion people, living in or around cities. A report by Arthur D Little predicts that by 2050 the urban population will increase to 6.3 billion people or 66% of the global population. Consequently, urban mobility and city logistics have become increasingly important, and in order to support this urban influx, governments must make substantial investments in infrastructure. Failure to do so results in congestion and therefore, from a business perspective, a loss in productivity. 

Belgian drivers lose almost a full working week in congestion every year, the second worst performance in Europe. This congestion problem was noted in the EU’s country specific recommendations for Belgium in May 2019, which specifically called out the problems around Brussels and the Ports of Antwerp and Zeebrugge. Severe congestion results in decreased productivity when employees are late or when freight deliveries are delayed. Additionally, it affects our quality of life, as employees adjust their daily schedules to avoid peak hours to and from work, and due to the environmental impact which includes CO2 emissions as well as air, light and noise pollution.

 

On top for logistics

Although often overlooked, the logistics sector is vital to the Belgian economy – it is an important source of job creation and economic activity, and volumes are only increasing. With its central geographic location, dense transport networks and skilled workforce, Belgium’s strength in logistics is internationally recognized: the country ranks 3rd in the World Bank’s 2018 Logistics Performance Index. Belgium performs particularly well in timeliness, international shipments and logistics competence, with lower scores for customs and infrastructure.

Located in the center of the ‘Blue Banana’, a discontinuous corridor of cities that are strategically located at the economic heart of Europe, Belgium offers the second highest density of railways in the world, in addition to its numerous seaports, pipelines and an extensive inland waterway system. According to a PwC study, Belgium offers access to 80% of European purchasing power within a 500 mile radius of Brussels, granting quick and easy access to Europe’s consumers. All of the above make it unsurprising that many European distribution centers are located in Belgium. Furthermore, important industrial activities have developed around Belgium’s ports, creating the second largest chemical cluster in the world.

With these assets, Belgium has developed into a logistics gateway, but significant investment in the country’s infrastructure has been lacking in recent years, and as a result, Belgium’s transportation networks are reaching the point of saturation. Belgium must act now to ensure its current, and future, reputation as a logistics hub. Although mobility has become a hot topic in Belgian politics, the lack of cooperation means that little action has been taken.

Belgium in the ranks

Invest in infrastructure

Companies need to be reassured they can efficiently move their people and products when deciding where to invest. Belgium only invests 0.4% of GDP in mobility, the second lowest among OECD countries. It has also devolved some competencies and yet in a small and dense country like Belgium, planning and processes should not stop at the regional border.

To invest in mobility and infrastructure, a long-term vision, sufficient available funds, efficient procedures and strict planning are required. Increased congestion, changing mobility patterns and new technologies must be taken into account when determining a new strategy.

AmCham Belgium recommends

To improve business and investment opportunities

  • Invest in infrastructure to improve the quality and efficiency of all aspects of the transport network and reinforce multi-modality
  • Tackle congestion with creative and coherent solutions, by using new technologies and focusing on improved collection and processing of data (e.g. road charging, city access policies)
  • Promote a variety of transport modes using fiscal incentives
  • Encourage collaboration between the regions and the federal level, and simplify processes

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